The infection is transmitted from person to person through the air.
Diphtheria is a serious throat infection with pain, difficulty in swallowing and fever. Diphtheria can cause death if not treated.
Detection of diphtheria bacteria by culture and microscopy.
Antibiotics as early as possible.
Diphtheria is a notifiable disease. 23 cases (provisionally) were reported by the PHLS in 1999, the latest year for which data are available.
Diphtheria is more common in third world countries, and there was a large outbreak in the former Soviet Union in the beginning of the 90′s.